Machu Picchu Travel Tours

History of Machu Picchu

History of Machu Picchu

Welcome to our exploration of the captivating history of Machu Picchu, an ancient Inca citadel nestled high in the Andes Mountains of Peru. This UNESCO World Heritage Site has long been a source of wonder and intrigue, with its impressive architecture, breathtaking views, and enigmatic past. Join us on this journey as we uncover the mysteries of Machu Picchu.

Discovery of Machu Picchu

The story of Machu Picchu begins with its discovery in 1911 by the American explorer Hiram Bingham. While searching for the lost city of Vilcabamba, Bingham stumbled upon the ruins of Machu Picchu, which had been hidden from the world for centuries. This remarkable find opened up a new chapter in our understanding of Inca civilization and sparked global interest in this extraordinary site.

Architectural Marvels of Machu Picchu

The architectural brilliance of Machu Picchu is evident in its perfectly carved stone structures, intricate terraces, and impressive temples. The city was designed with both practicality and beauty in mind, with its terraces serving as agricultural platforms and its temples dedicated to the worship of Inca deities. The precision and skill displayed in the construction of Machu Picchu continue to astound visitors to this day.

Life in the Ancient City

While much about the daily life of the inhabitants of Machu Picchu remains a mystery, historians and archaeologists believe that the city served as a royal estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti. It is thought to have been home to a small population of elites, priests, and servants who enjoyed a high standard of living in this secluded mountain retreat.

Theories and Debates Surrounding Machu Picchu

Despite decades of research, many questions still surround the purpose and function of Machu Picchu. Some theories suggest that it was a sacred religious site, while others propose it was a fortress or a center for astronomical observation. The ongoing debate adds to the allure of this ancient wonder and continues to fuel the curiosity of scholars and visitors alike.

Machu Picchu Today: Tourism and Preservation

Since its rediscovery, Machu Picchu has become one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, attracting millions of visitors each year. This influx of tourism has raised concerns about the preservation of the site and its fragile ecosystem. Efforts are being made to strike a balance between accessibility and conservation, ensuring that future generations can continue to marvel at the wonders of Machu Picchu.


Machu Picchu remains an enigmatic symbol of Inca civilization and a testament to the ingenuity of ancient architectural design. Its mysteries and allure continue to captivate people from all corners of the globe. Whether you are a history enthusiast, an avid traveler, or simply seeking awe-inspiring beauty, a visit to Machu Picchu is an experience that will stay with you for a lifetime.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. When was Machu Picchu discovered?

Machu Picchu was discovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, an American explorer.

2. Who built Machu Picchu?

The exact builders of Machu Picchu remain unknown, but it is believed to have been constructed by the Inca civilization during the 15th century.

3. What is the significance of Machu Picchu?

Machu Picchu is considered a significant archaeological site and provides valuable insights into the Inca civilization and their advanced architectural techniques.

4. How can I visit Machu Picchu?

To visit Machu Picchu, you can take a train from Cusco or Ollantaytambo to Aguas Calientes, the nearest town. From there, a bus or a hike will take you up to the site. It is advisable to book your tickets in advance, as daily visitor limits apply.
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