Machu Picchu Travel Tours

What is Machu Picchu and who found it?

What is Machu Picchu and who found it?

Welcome to our exploration of the ancient and mystical city of Machu Picchu. This article delves into the enigma surrounding its origins and the fascinating story of its discovery. Join us as we unravel the secrets of this remarkable UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Exploring the Enigma of Machu Picchu

What is Machu Picchu?

Machu Picchu is an awe-inspiring Incan citadel nestled high in the Andes Mountains of Peru. It is renowned for its remarkable architectural design, breathtaking panoramic views, and its historical significance.

When was Machu Picchu discovered?

The exact date of Machu Picchu’s discovery is a subject of debate, but it is generally believed to have been found in 1911 by American archaeologist, Hiram Bingham. However, local farmers were aware of its existence and had been living in the vicinity for centuries.

Who found Machu Picchu?

Hiram Bingham, an American explorer and historian, is credited with bringing Machu Picchu to the attention of the world. While searching for Vilcabamba, the last Inca stronghold, he stumbled upon the hidden ruins of Machu Picchu.

Why was Machu Picchu built?

The purpose behind the construction of Machu Picchu remains a mystery. Some theories suggest it served as a royal estate for the Inca emperor, Pachacuti. Others argue that it was a spiritual sanctuary or a center for astronomical observations. The true purpose may never be known for certain.

The Discovery of Machu Picchu

Bingham’s discovery of Machu Picchu sparked great interest and excitement among archaeologists and historians. His subsequent expeditions and publications brought the ancient city to the attention of the world. Today, it attracts millions of visitors each year, eager to witness its historical and cultural significance firsthand.

Unraveling the Mysteries of Machu Picchu

Since its discovery, numerous studies and excavations have been conducted to unravel the mysteries of Machu Picchu. These investigations have shed light on the advanced engineering techniques used in its construction, the intricate urban planning, and the complex agricultural systems employed by the Inca civilization.

Preserving and Restoring Machu Picchu

Recognizing its immense cultural value, efforts have been made to preserve and restore Machu Picchu. The Peruvian government, in collaboration with international organizations, has implemented various conservation projects to protect the site from natural and human-induced threats, ensuring its longevity for future generations to appreciate.


Machu Picchu continues to captivate the world with its mystery, beauty, and historical significance. Its origins and purpose may forever remain shrouded in enigma, but its allure as a testament to human ingenuity and architectural marvel remains undeniable.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Machu Picchu a UNESCO World Heritage Site?

Yes, Machu Picchu was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. Its outstanding universal value and exceptional cultural significance contributed to its inclusion on this prestigious list.

Can you visit Machu Picchu?

Yes, Machu Picchu is open to visitors. However, due to its popularity, it is recommended to book tickets in advance and be prepared for a steep and challenging hike or opt for a train ride to reach the site.

How can I get to Machu Picchu?

Machu Picchu can be reached by taking a train from Cusco or Ollantaytambo to Aguas Calientes, followed by a bus or hiking up to the citadel. Alternatively, for the adventurous, the Inca Trail offers a multi-day trek leading to Machu Picchu.

Are there any restrictions or regulations for visiting Machu Picchu?

Yes, to preserve the site and manage visitor flow, a limited number of daily visitors are allowed entry to Machu Picchu. Additionally, certain regulations, such as not bringing large backpacks or food, are in place to protect the site’s integrity.
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